Let me introduce Tithi and its relation to Muhurta in this post.
Tithi is the lunar date. There are thirty tithis in a lunar month. A Tithi is also a measure of separation of the Moon and Sun from each other. Each Tithi has its own independent planetary lord. Persons born under different Tithis have different characteristics. For example, a person born on full moon day (poornima) will have stronger characteristics of the moon than a person born on new moon day (amavasya).
The Tithis are divided into five groups:
1. Nanda (Ananda or Joyous) Tithis - Pratipada (1st), Shasthi (6th) and Ekadashi (11th) bestows happiness and joy
2. Bhadra (Arogya or Mangala or Healthy) Tithis – Dwitiya (2nd), Saptami (7th) and Dwadashi (12th) good for stating new work
3. Jaya (Victory) Tithis –Tuesday Tritiya (3rd), Ashtami (8th ) and Trayodashi (13th) good for winning over enemies
4. Rikta (Loss or Nashta) Tithis – Saturday Chaturthi (4th), Navami (9th) and Chaturdashi (14th) are not good for any important work, so they should be avoided.
5. Poorna (Sampoorna - Full Moon or New Moon) Tithis –Thursday Panchami (5th), Dashami (10th) and Amavasya (15th)(New Moon) or Poornima (15th) very good to complete all jobs
Note : There are 4 important tithis which do not require any muhurtam (Auspicious time), since each of these tithis is considered very auspicious. Any important work like wedding etc. can be done on these tithis.
1 Chaitra Shukla Pratipada (Prathama)
2 Akshya Tritiya
3 Vijaya Dasami
4 Kartika Shukla Pratipada (Prathama)
However, Rahukalam, Yamagandam and Gulika Kalam should be avoided even on these tithis.
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